According to a new report by the Century Foundation, the higher education landscape in America is becoming increasingly unequal. Schools like vocational schools that serve a far more low-income and minority student human population are getting increasingly short-changed with regards to federal funding.
According towards the report, this means that although separate-but-equal education is made illegal in the historic Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court decision, the machine that replaced is not in practice performing much better when it comes to providing quality education to poor and minority students.
Between 1999 and 2009, the budget at public research universities – such as the University of Wisconsin-Madison – increased by nearly $4,000 per student, while college budgets increased by $1 per student, the report says. That’s even though 66 percent of college students need some kind of remedial training.
Federal assuring educational polices haven\’t kept pace with the growing enrollment at community colleges, where lower tuition may mean students do not qualify for existing aid programs, the study points out.
Sara Goldrick-Rab, among the authors of the report along with a professor at UW-Madison, explained that in some instances funding for community colleges was less than funding for top school. The variations in funding might be a contributing step to historically low graduation rates at community colleges.
The report shows that fewer than 20% of \”highly qualified\” university students who start their advanced schooling careers at community colleges go on to complete their four-year degrees when compared with 69% of similarly qualified students at four-year colleges.
Because college enrollment numbers are increasing nationwide, this poor graduation rates are making it a smaller amount likely that the US will make it happen set through the Obama administration to have the highest rates of college graduation one of the developed economies around the globe by 2020.
Although the US was ranked second in graduation rates among young adults in 1996, it currently ranks 14th on a single survey.
To get to the first-in-the-world goal, community colleges will need to produce 5 million additional graduates by 2020 C a benchmark the report says they’re unlikely to hit with ongoing financial constraints.
The distinction between KC12 and higher education policy on the issue of racial and economic stratification between institutions is striking. Elite higher education has recognized the necessity to integrate by race, adopting affirmative action programs to boost the representation of Black and Latino students, but there\’s been no comparable effort to integrate by socioeconomic status. And there is little deliberate effort to attract more middle and upper-middle class students to vocational schools, as \”magnet schools\” work to do in the KC12 level.