Those familiar with the Supreme Court say that it’s looking increasingly likely that affirmative action in college admissions obtained care of out. The New York Times explores the methods in which states that are now searching for a different method to maintain diversity on their college campuses can emulate one of the first states to not use affirmative action at all C California.
In 1996, after the passage of Proposition 209, California became one the first states to complete away with affirmative action attending college admissions entirely. In the first few years after Prop 209 was adopted, the impact on minority enrollment in the University of California system was undeniable. The amount of Latino students fell by 3% from 15% to 12%. The proportion of the student body that was African-American also declined with a single percentage point from 4% to 3%. At some of the most prestigious campuses in the system like Berkeley and UCLA, the declines were even steeper.
But after a few years the numbers rebounded — and then some.
Until last fall, 25 percent of new students were Latino, reflecting the booming Hispanic population, and 4 percent were black. An identical pattern of decline and recovery followed at other state universities that eliminated race like a factor in admissions.
Since considering race in admissions was no longer a choice,the public university system in California C along with other states where affirmative action is no longer on the titles like Florida, Michigan and Washington C instead look for traits which are frequently its proxy. For instance, admissions procedures on UC campuses give students points for \”overcoming disadvantages\” for example being from low-income families or from families where English isn’t the very first language. Applicants from underperforming schools also get a leg up, as well as those from crime-ridden neighborhoods.
The approach helps maintain the degree of diversity on UC campuses, but is that necessarily the best thing?
Not according to Heather Mac Donald, writing for that City Journal. Mac Donald asks if at any given time when the public university system in California is claiming poverty, will it justify spending countless its budgets to repair a problem that doesn’t really exist?
UC Two captured the admissions process sometime ago. Ever since the passage of Proposition 209 banned racial discrimination at public institutions, UC\’s faculty and administrators have worked overtime to find supposedly race-neutral alternatives to outright quotas. Admissions officials are now using \”holistic\” review to choose students, an opaque procedure made to import proxies for race in to the selection process, among other stratagems.
Nor, according to Mac Donald, is this diversity push really serving those it was designed to assist the most C the students. Mac Donald cites Richard Sander’s \”mismatch theory,\” which helps guide you admitting students who\’re academically unprepared to tackle the job to a school where an average student has the skills to satisfy the challenge merely sets them on a road to failure.